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Key Considerations for Navigating Commercial Property Leases

Commercial lease agreement

Leasing commercial property is a significant step for any business, whether you're a startup looking for your first office space or an established company expanding its footprint. Understanding a commercial property lease is crucial to making informed decisions and ensuring a successful tenancy. In this blog post, we'll delve into the world of commercial property leases, exploring their intricacies, common terms, and valuable tips for tenants and landlords.


The Basics of Commercial Property Leases:

A commercial property lease is a legally binding agreement that allows a business to occupy a space in exchange for rent. Unlike residential leases, commercial leases often involve more complex terms and are tailored to meet the unique needs of the tenant and the landlord. These leases come in various forms, including gross, net, and percentage leases, each with its terms and implications. Landlords and tenants need to familiarize themselves with the Commercial Tenancies Act to ensure a thorough understanding of commercial lease agreements.

Lease Term and Options:

One of the critical aspects of a commercial lease is the lease term. The length of a commercial lease can vary significantly, from short-term arrangements like one year to long-term leases spanning a decade or more. Tenants and landlords should carefully consider the lease term, considering their business plans, financial stability, and market conditions.

Commercial leases may also include options to extend the lease, allowing tenants to renew the agreement at the end of the initial term. Negotiating favourable lease extension options can provide stability and flexibility for your business.

Rent and Escalation Clauses:

Understanding the rent structure is vital when considering a commercial property lease. Commercial rents can be structured in different ways, such as gross rent, net rent, or triple net rent, each with its implications for tenants. It's crucial to clarify what expenses are included in the rent and which ones are the tenant's responsibility.

Many commercial leases also include rent escalation clauses, which outline how and when the rent will increase. These clauses can be based on factors like inflation, a fixed percentage increase, or the consumer price index (CPI). Tenants should be aware of these provisions to budget for future rent increases. 

Maintenance and Repairs:

Commercial leases typically address maintenance and repair responsibilities. Landlords often bear the burden of structural and major repairs, while tenants are responsible for regular maintenance and minor repairs. However, the specific responsibilities should be detailed in the lease agreement, and tenants should request a clear understanding of these obligations to avoid disputes.

Tenant Improvements:

Many commercial tenants require modifications to the leased space to suit their business needs. Tenant improvements (TIs) involve alterations or renovations to the property, which can range from minor cosmetic changes to significant structural modifications. Tenants should negotiate TIs in the lease agreement, including who pays for them and who owns the improvements at the end of the lease.

Termination and Default:

Commercial leases include provisions for lease termination and default. Understanding the conditions under which the lease can be terminated, such as non-payment of rent or a breach of the lease terms, is crucial. Tenants and landlords should be aware of their rights and responsibilities in case of default. Landlords should ensure that they include the procedure and notice requirements for addressing non-payment of rent and the consequences in the lease agreement.

Legal Assistance:

Navigating the complexities of commercial property leases can be challenging. It's highly recommended for both tenants and landlords to seek legal counsel when negotiating and reviewing lease agreements. An experienced attorney can help ensure that the lease terms are fair and in compliance with applicable laws and help tenants and landlords avoid issues down the road.


Commercial property leases are pivotal to the success of any business. By understanding the terms, responsibilities, and potential challenges associated with these agreements, tenants and landlords can make informed decisions that contribute to a mutually beneficial and harmonious business relationship. Whether you're a tenant seeking the perfect space or a landlord looking to secure reliable tenants, a well-negotiated and well-understood commercial property lease is a critical step in the process. Contact Bloom & Co. for your free commercial property management consultation.

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